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You must have heard that a new non–invasive way of looking young is out. And yes, it does not involve surgery. It involves dermal filler. This could be good news for people who want to look young but cringe at the thought of going under the knife. Who wouldn't? The traditional procedure, if you look closely, leaves you with Frankenstein – like stitches on the outlines of your face. Dermal fillers on the other hand give you instant results without having to worry with the complications of having your skin and muscles cut into pieces. 

How Do They Work?

The fundamental working principle of dermal fillers is ‘pumping’. This simply implies that they will pump up the area around the region that has received the injection, leveling with other parts of the skin, thus making it not look sunken by any means. Ultimately, different fillers may have this goal achieved in slightly different ways, but the bottom line result is that the skin will look plump and firm, young and refreshed.

The operation is accomplished by taking advantage of the basic roles and functions of the skin. This can also help in fully understanding the operation. The human skin is made up of two layers, namely the epidermis and the dermis. The outermost layer is the epidermis and its main function is to serve as protection against effects of the environment and other components. It controls water loss from tissues and cells, thus serving as a barrier to the outside environment.

The dermis layer is right below the epidermis and constitutes the skin’s structural elements like nerves, hair follicles and blood vessels. The growth of cells and blood vessels is enhanced through a framework provided by a network of fibers that is formed by protein. The major component of the dermis is collagen, and it gives the skin its firm elasticity and strength, offering fundamental support to the skin. As one grows old, the aging process causes the upper layer - the epidermis - to gradually become thin. This leads to a decreased capability to offer the much needed protection to the inner layer by acting as a barrier to actions that lead to water loss. In addition, collagen production in the body slows down considerably as the existing collagen becomes ineffective.

These activities result in wrinkles, folds, depressions and other forms of skin anomalies associated with old age. It is at this point that dermal fillers become necessary to reduce the consequences of the deteriorating epidermis and weak collagen. Dermal fillers will technically work as replenishment for the natural collagen that has been rendered less effective due to the aging process. They work as collagen and, depending on the quality of the particular type used, impressive results can be definitely achieved. The general working principle is similar for all dermal fillers, but may vary slightly from one type to another. Dermal fillers are usually designed to treat one area specifically, such as the lips. Often, various dermal fillers are marketed under a similar name with each treating a different area of the body, or providing a different level of treatment.

What Can Dermal Fillers Treat?

The most common usage for dermal fillers has always been the increase of volume and size of women’s lips. Most dermal fillers are designed for this function. This is most likely because the market is quite large. Women like to maintain their beauty throughout their life and, by using derma fillers, they can successfully reverse or postpone some signs of aging. However, there are other popular uses of derma fillers which are used frequently by both men and woman.

Facial lines are quite common due to advanced age and stress. There may also be caused by other factors such as the side effects of substances used in the body; prescription drugs, for example. Dermal fillers are quite effective in filling up lines in general. Some of the most common lines that can be filled in both men and women include nasolabial lines, which are lines from the nose to the corners of the mouth. These are commonly called smile or frown lines. Wrinkles are an equally common condition that can be treated, some of them including forehead wrinkles and crow’s feet wrinkles.

Other commonly treated skin conditions are weak and sunken cheeks, acne scars and regular scars, and unsightly veins in aged skin. Generally, the lines, wrinkles and folds that can be treated by use of dermal fillers include lip lines (lipstick or smoke initiated), tear troughs (tired, baggy eyes), marionette lines (mouth to chin), frown lines, crows feet (around the eye), and naso-labial lines (nose to mouth). Other applications can be classified under skin rejuvenation or contouring and enhancement. Under rejuvenation, the various parts that can be treated include the face, neck and hand backs. Contouring and enhancement includes eyebrow reshaping, chin enhancement, cheek sculpting for sunken cheeks, jowls un-sagging, turning up the mouth corners, and lip enhancement.

Should you desire to have fillers on the upper regions of the face, the general recommendation is that fillers be used in conjunction with botulinum toxin injection. This is a brand registered trademark of Botox. There is a lot of flexibility in the conditions that can be treated by dermal fillers, including larger skin defects in the rest of the body.

Advantages of Using Dermal Filler 

Dermal Filler makes you look younger with a more natural look. While you get a wind – swept look with the traditional face lift, dermal filler makes you look plump by filling the shrunk spaces in your cheeks, forehead, and other parts of the face. Do you notice that your face look better whenever you gain weight? That is what dermal filler will do. A natural or synthetic substance is injected under the skin to sweep away the sagging that is manifested above. 

Another advantage of dermal filler is that it is done with a minor procedure. It can be done at your doctors' clinic for a few minutes. Although it involves injections, the procedure does not involve more than just that. And with dermal filler, you get instant results. You do not have to hide for days or weeks to show off a younger you. You can wear your dermal filler – enhanced face right after your appointment with the doctor. 

Disadvantages of Using Dermal Filler 

The most obvious disadvantage of using dermal filler is the longevity. With a traditional face lift, you get to wear those rejuvenated facial skin for say, 10 or 15 years. Dermal filler are absorbed by the skin over time in just a matter of six months. This means more trip to the doctor, and probably would cost more over time. 

Another concern is the relatively new track record of this technology. Many are asking what will happen to their faces and probably the whole body in the long run, as the fillers are absorbed into the tissues. Honestly, there are no definitive answers to date. It has been assumed safe to use because it involves the use collagen, and other acids that are naturally part of our body's make-up. But like any other substance, excessive amounts usually cause more harm than good.

In Depth 

What are dermal fillers for? Unless you skipped through the first half of this article, you'd already know that the main reason why a lot of people makes use of dermal fillers is to make themselves look younger. Plastic surgery has become an accepted reality in today's society and dermal filling is yet another revolutionary procedure that further enlarges this already sizable market. 

What are dermal fillers going to cost me? While dermal fillers don't necessarily come for cheap, they are definitely more affordable than other cosmetic surgery procedures. Depending on where you choose to have your dermal fillers done, expect to pay upwards of £200. Some dermal filling treatment may cost up to £500 and above. 

What are dermal fillers side effects? As with any other cosmetic procedure, dermal filling also has its share of unwanted side effects. One of which would be the development of bunny lines or those lines that appear between both sides of the nose and the eyes every time you smile. However, if done properly, side effects such as these should easily be avoided. 

In Conclusion 

Hopefully, the discussion above was able to answer the basic question a lot of people have been asking – what are dermal fillers? By now, it should no longer be clouded in mystery as this article has already provided a concise, yet comprehensive look at this cosmetic product. So the next time your friend asks you ‘what are dermal fillers?' you'll surely have an answer ready and waiting. 

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